Veterinarian Education Requirements

Generally a student must have a bachelor's degree or equivalent credit hours prior to applying for a veterinary school. While some schools do not require an undergraduate degree, the majority of applicants will have one. Science courses are the majority of prerequisite requirements; including chemistry, organic chemistry, and biology; all with labs included, as well as biochemistry and genetics. Other prerequisites include math classes such as physics, calculus, trigonometry and statistics as well as general education classes like english, history and social science electives.


The majority of schools require applicants to use the VMCAS (Veterinary Medical Colleges Application Services) application. The deadline each year is October 3rd and it must include additional documents such as; transcripts and GRE (Graduate Record Examination) scores, and letters of evaluation or recommendation. Some schools require their own supplemental application in addition to the VMCAS.

There are 28 schools in 26 states offering veterinary medicine degrees (D.V.M. or V.M.D.) and most of them are state schools. This being said state residents will have priority over applicants from other states. The states that do not have a veterinary program usually have agreements with adjoining states that do have a veterinary program.

Requirements to Attend Vet Tech School

Students interested in pursuing a 2-year associate's degree as a veterinary technician should take as many high school science, biology and math courses as possible. Many schools will use a points system when reviewing applicants. Points will be awarded for grade point averages or G.E.D. scores. Schools may also require work or volunteer experience in a relevant environment.

One may also choose to pursue a Bachelor of Science degree at a 4-year college or university to become a veterinary technologist. There are 21 AVMA accredited 4-year programs. Again many of these schools will review applications and use a point system when determining acceptance; college courses in science and math; both in high school and college, work and volunteer hours in a veterinary clinic, and grade point averages.